“Arm Saoirse Náisiúnta na h-Éireann. [INLA] Vol. James McPhilemy, killed in action 10 August 1988; [INLA] Vol. Alex Patterson killed in action 12 November 1990. ‘Your spirit will live on in the hearts of all who cherish freedom, justice and equality. Fuair siad bás ar son saoirse na h-Éireann.”
“I ndíl chuimhne orthu siúd ó pharóiste N. Muire a thug a riabh [raibh] acu ar son saoirse na hÉireann. Erected in proud and loving memory of all those from St Mary’s parish, Newry who have fought for Irish freeedom. Ar dheis Dé go raibh a n-anamacha. Pobal pharóiste N. Muire a thóg an leacht cuimhneacháin seo.” Pike-men are used on the base as a generic symbol of Irish nationalism, rather than mention of any particular group. In later years, stones to the Signatories and the hunger strikers will be added, along with graveside volunteers in modern garb.
“Óglaigh na hÉireann Iúr Cinn Trá [Newry] i gcuimhne na n-Óglaigh a throid agus a fuair bás [who fought and died] ar son saoirse na hÉireann”. National Graves Association headstone over the republican plot in St Mary’s cemetery. Old Warrenpoint Road, Newry.
Páirc Réamonn Mac Raois, in Patrick Street, Newry, named after the third 1981 hunger striker to die, Raymond McCreesh, who was from Camlough and went to St Colman’s grammar in Newry. The park was named in 2001 and would become controversial in 2012. With “CIRA” graffiti on the back wall.
Monument in Newry’s Derrybeg estate. The central panels are to (left) the “1916 Easter Rising leader’s [sic] executed by the British government” and (right) Newry IRA volunteers Patrick Hughes, Edward Grant, Michael Hughes, Brendan Watters, and Colum Marks.
Memorial board to four volunteers from Armagh – Jake McGerrigan (OIRA), Tony Hughes (OIRA), Peadar McElvanna (IRA), Gerard Mallon (INLA). The board is in Culdee Terrace, Armagh, where Hughes was shot by the British Army while moving arms in 1973 (Sutton). There is also a plaque to his memory and a stone commemorating both Hughes and McGerrigan who was killed two days earlier (April 7th, 1973) in nearby Windmill Avenue.
The marks over the four “i”s in the central saying “Fuair siad bás ar son saoirse na hÉireann”[They died for Ireland’s freedom] should not be confused with fadas, as over the “a” in “bás” and “e” in “Éireann”. There is typically less confusion because Irish, strictly speaking, does not have a tittle (a dot) on top of “i”, especially on public signs and in ‘Celtic’ typefaces.
“In loving memory of Eamonn Hughes murdered by British collaborators 13th September 2008 protecting his family. May you rest in peace Eamonn.” One man was convicted and another of attempting to run over two women with a car.
IRA volunteer Francis Liggett was shot by the British Army in January 1973 as he attempted to rob the Royal. One of the images of Gerry Adams in paramilitary beret comes from Liggett’s funeral. Paddy Brady was a Sinn Féin activist shot in 1984 at his work by the UFF (Sutton). Both were from the St James’s area of west Belfast. Their portraits are on either side of Éire personified. They are also included in the ‘Roll of Honour’ in the memorial garden below them. The verses are from Bobby Sands’s poem Weeping Winds.
“This monument was erected by the republican people of greater Ballymurphy in proud and loving memory of all those volunteers from the area who gave their lives in the fight for Irish freedom.” Volunteers McParland, Kane, Maguire, Meehan, Sloan, McCormick, Campbell, Magee, Dougal, McCrudden, Clarke, Parker, Quigleey, Mulholland, O’Rawe, McGartland, Mulvenna, Pettigrew, Bryson, Teer, Stone, McGrillen, Tolan, McWilliams, Delaney, O’Neill, Jordan, Doyle, McCracken, McGeown. “Unveiled by Gerry Adams 12th May 1985. I ndíl cuimhne i gcónaí ag na poblachtánaigh ón cheantar Barr Cluanaí. Also in memory of the civilians who died at the hands of the British Army, RUC, UDR, and loyalist extremists.” The launch date of 1985 refers to the plaque’s former location in Glenalina Road (seen in 2001 and 2002).